University of Delaware
Revealing the molecular mechanisms of the early and late stages of the HIV-1 infection cycle through the computational microscope.(barg)
Apr 2018 - Mar 2019
Unveiling the functions of the HIV-1 and hepatitis B virus capsids through the computational microscope(balb)
Jun 2017 - May 2018
Jul 6, 2017
The National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign has awarded 3,697,000 node hours (NH) of time on the Blue Waters supercomputer to Illinois researchers from Spring 2017 proposal submissions. The combined value of these awards is over $2.6 million dollars, and through the life of the Blue Waters program, NCSA has awarded over 43 million node hours to UI researchers—a value of nearly $27 million. Some of the time allocated for Blue Waters will go to projects that focus on HIV research, Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) simulations, genomics and global warming research.
Jul 21, 2017
While some researchers look for drugs to treat HIV, other scientists delve deep into the virus itself for answers on how it causes infections. Using two supercomputers, University of Illinois research scientist Juan R. Perilla and late physics professor Klaus Schulten simulated 1.2 microseconds of the life of the HIV capsid, the structure that contains the virus's genetic material. The simulation, which took two years to complete, gives us a view of the virus on a molecular level and provides us with insight into how HIV senses its environment and becomes infective.
Jul 19, 2017
A brief glimpse into how HIV travels through the body has been simulated for the first time on supercomputers in the US. For two years, multiple supercomputers at the University of Illinois modelled the behaviour of 64 million atoms to capture 1.2 microseconds of the life of an HIV capsid, a protein cage that transports the HIV virus to the nucleus of a human cell. The capsid simulation was performed on the Department of Energy's Titan supercomputer, while analysis was made using the Blue Waters supercomputer at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the university.
Mar 7, 2016
A new study offers the first atomic-scale view of an interaction between the HIV capsid - the protein coat that shepherds HIV into the nucleus of human cells - and a host protein known as cyclophilin A. This interaction is key to HIV infection, researchers say. A paper describing the research appears in the journal Nature Communications. ... "We have known for some time that cyclophilin A plays a role in HIV infection," said University of Illinois physics professor Klaus Schulten, who led the new study with postdoctoral researcher Juan R. Perilla and University of Pittsburgh professor Peijun Zhang and postdoctoral researcher Chuang Liu.
Aug 12, 2015
Using molecular modeling and large-scale molecular dynamic simulation, University of Illinois researchers constructed an atomic model of an immature retrovirus. The researchers, from the Theoretical and Computational Biophysics Group at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at Illinois, published their work in the journal Structure.
May 29, 2013
Researchers report that they have determined the precise chemical structure of the HIV capsid, a protein shell that protects the virus's genetic material and is a key to its virulence. The capsid has become an attractive target for the development of new antiretroviral drugs. ... "This is a big structure, one of the biggest structures ever solved," said U. of I. physics professor Klaus Schulten, who, with postdoctoral researcher Juan R. Perilla, conducted the molecular simulations that integrated data from laboratory experiments performed by colleagues at the University of Pittsburgh and Vanderbilt University. "It was very clear that it would require a huge amount of simulation - the largest simulation ever published - involving 64 million atoms."
Jul 20, 2017
It took two years on a supercomputer to simulate 1.2 microseconds in the life of the HIV capsid, a protein cage that shuttles the HIV virus to the nucleus of a human cell. The 64-million-atom simulation offers new insights into how the virus senses its environment and completes its infective cycle. The findings are reported in the journal Nature Communications. "We are learning the details of the HIV capsid system, not just the structure but also how it changes its environment and responds to its environment," said University of Illinois research scientist Juan R. Perilla, who led the study with U. of I. physics professor Klaus Schulten. Such details could help scientists find new ways to defeat the virus, Perilla said.