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Formation of the First Galaxies: Predictions for the Next Generation of Observatories

Brian O'Shea, Michigan State University

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Michael Norman, Stuart Levy, James Bordner, Robert Miles Patterson, Brian O'Shea, Geoffrey So, Britton Smith, Michael Kuhlen, Sam Skillman, Daniel Reynolds, Matthew Turk, Hao Xu, John Wise, Manisha Gajbe, Devin Silvia, Facundo Gomez, Pengfei Chen, Gabriel Altay

Extensive theoretical research has suggested that the first galaxies were responsible for reionizing the universe and for dispensing large quantities of metal into the low-density intergalactic medium. The O’Shea team will perform high-resolution numerical calculations to test this hypothesis and to predict the properties of the population of high-redshift galaxies that will be observed by the next generation of ground- and space-based observatories. The team uses Enzo, a massively parallel 3D adaptive mesh refinement hybrid (fluid + particle) code for astrophysical and cosmological simulations developed at the Laboratory for Computational Astrophysics at the University of California, San Diego.